One handy Latin prefix to have around is in-. It can mean “not,” as in inept and inconsolable, as well as “in, into,” as this week’s list shows us. Although you’ll most often see it in its in- guise, you might also find it as il- before l, as in illuminate; im- before b, m, or p, as in imprecise; or ir- before r-, as in irrigate.
- inundate, verb: to overwhelm someone.
Low-lying areas on the outskirts of the city have been inundated with rainwater after 40 hours of moderate to heavy showers. —Times of India
- incarcerate, verb: to imprison someone.
In March, the region opened a maximum-security prison built with United Nations funding to incarcerate pirates convicted of attacks off the coast of Somalia. —Bloomberg
- infatuate, verb: to have a strong but brief passion for someone or something.
Like so many of his Valley colleagues, Spinner was instantly infatuated with Obama and certain that supporting him was the right play. —Atlantic Monthly
- inherent, adjective: existing as a natural or essential part of something.
The game formerly featured only seniors, divided into two teams with no inherent reason to prove something to the other. —Denver Post
- irradiate, verb: to shine a light on something or someone, literally or figuratively.
She smiled, her smile irradiating her face. —Analog Science Fiction & Fact
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